Palm oil, stearin, and fatty acid distillate
Neste Oil utilizes crude palm oil and the by-products of its refining – stearin and palm oil fatty acid distillate (PFAD) – in producing renewable fuel.
- Neste Oil procures palm oil only from reputable and responsible suppliers in Southeast Asia.
- The highest-yielding oil plant producing around 4 tons of oil per hectare annually. Harvested year-round and mainly manually.
- Cultivation provides consistent income and livelihood for millions in the Southeast Asia region.
- Oil yield can be increased up to 10 tons/hectare on existing plantations without causing any harm to natural forests by improving cultivation methods, improving quality of seedlings, and by utilizing wastelands unsuitable for other food crops.
- Due to its high yields, production of oil is very efficient in terms of land use compared to many other cultivated vegetable oils. Oil palm cultivation is also uses least energy when compared to other oil crops.
- Primary users: food industry (77%), biofuel industry (10%), chemical industry (8%), and the remainder in areas such as energy generation (5%).
- Use of crude palm oil as raw material offers 47% greenhouse gas emission savings; can be improved significantly if methane is captured or its formation prevented at the palm oil mill.
- Use of stearin and PFAD offers 89% greenhouse gas emission savings when they are classified as waste or residue.
- 83% of the palm oil Neste Oil used in 2011 was certified. The target is to use 100% certified palm oil by the end of 2015.
- In 2011, Neste Oil procured 1.4% of the world’s palm oil production volumes.
More on Neste Oil's crude palm oil use in Sustainability Report 2011.
Detailed information about Neste Oil's use of renewable raw materials in the Sustainability Report 2011.